References for all the chronological tables

  1. 'Persecution in the Early Church' Herbert B. Workman Publ.: OUP paperback 1980  ISBN 0-19-283025-2

  2. 'Pears cyclopaedia 99th edition' Ed. Chris Cook Publ.: Pelham books

  3. 'A manual of Palestinian Aramaic texts' J. A. Fitzmyer, D. J. Harrington Publ.: Pontificio Instituto Biblico, Rome 1994. ISBN 88-7653-334-6 (paperback)

  4. 'The Lion encyclopedia of the Bible' Ed. P. Alexander  Publ.: Lion 1986 ISBN 0-7459-1113-7

  5. 'The calendar' David E. Duncan  Publ. Fourth Estate Ltd. 1998  ISBN 1-85702-721-3

  6. 'Early Christian writings'  Ed. Betty Radice Publ. Penguin. 1987

  7. 'A world history of Christianity' Ed. Adrian Hastings  Publ.: Cassell, London 1999

  8. 'An Aramaic approach to the Gospels and Acts' 2nd. Ed. Matthew Black  Publ.: Oxford 1954

  9. 'The Twelve Caesars' Suetonius Publ.: Penquin 1989 ISBN 0-14-044072-0

  10. 'The annals of imperial Rome' Tacitus Publ.: Penguin 1989 ISBN 0-14-044060-7

  11. 'Roman History, Books 51 - 55' Dio Cassius (Loeb Classical Library) Publ.: Harvard University Press 1994. ISBN 0-674-99092-7

  12. 'The Histories' Tacitus Publ.: Penguin 1993 ISBN 0-14-044150-6

  13. Website:  Peshitta versions website

  14. Website:  Assyrian martyrs website

  15. Website:  Edessa history website With thanks to John Hajjar.

  16. Website:  Chaldean church history site

  17. 'Ancient Syriac documents' William Cureton 1864, reprinted 1967 Oriental Press, Amsterdam.

  18. 'First studies in Syriac' John F. Healey Publ.: Sheffield Academic press 1994.

  19. 'The Lion handbook to the bible' Ed. P. Alexander Publ.: Lion Publishing 1973 ISBN 0 85648 010 X

  20. A letter from R. Kilgour, BFBS editor superintendent, dated 2/9/1920. Access to this correspondence was kindly provided from their archives by the British and Foreign Bible Society, Swindon, England.

  21. The catalogue of ancient Syriac NT documents owned by the British and Foreign Bible Society. My thanks to the Society for granting me access to these archives.

  22. Website:  Syrian Orthodox Church website.

  23. 'Everyday life in old testament times' Heaton, E. W. Publ. Batsford 1966

  24. 'A short history of Syriac literature' Wright, Wm. Publ. London 1894, Repr. Georgias Press, NJ USA 2001 ISBN 0-9713097-5-2. A facsimile is also available on-line.

  25. 'A Syriac biblical manuscript of the fifth century' G. H. Gwilliam, M.A. Studia Biblica, Oxford 1885 No. VIII (From a copy of this pamphlet in CUL designated 'Bensly 5C 198'.)

  26. Website:  A history of the Syriac language With thanks to George Kiraz.

  27. 'An Aramaic handbook', two parts with two volumes each. Ed. Franz Rosenthal. Publ.: Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden  1967

  28. 'Chronicle of Joshua Stylite' William Wright Publ.: Cambridge 1882, Reprinted Philo Press, Amsterdam 1968.

  29. 'Pagan Syriac monuments in the vilayet of Urfa' J. B. Segal JBIAA London 1953. (Bound with [30])

  30. 'Some Syriac inscriptions of the 2nd-3rd century' J. B. Segal Bulletin of the SOAS 16/1 1954

  31. 'Remains of a very ancient recension of the Four Gospels in Syriac' William Cureton, Publ.: John Murray, London 1858. A digital facsimile is available on-line.

  32. 'Past and present perceptions of Syriac literary tradition' Lucas Van Rompay, Hugoye Vol. 3, No. 1.

  33. 'Edessa, the blessed city' J. B. Segal, Publ.: Cambridge University Press 1970.

  34. 'Remnants of the later Syriac versions of the Bible' John Gwynn Publ.: Williams & Norgate, London 1909.

  35. 'Christianity among the Arabs in pre-Islamic times.' J. Spencer Trimingham. Publ.: Librairie du Liban 1990

  36. 'Woodbrook studies', Mingana A

  37. 'Acta Martyrium et Sanctorum Syriace' volume 2, Paul Bedjan. Publ. Leipzig, Harrassowitz 1891. In particular, a Syriac chronicle found there and edited from Syriac texts by Elias of Nisibis and Gregory Bar Hebraeus.

  38. 'Studies of the History of the Gospel Text in Syriac', Vööbus, A. Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium: Subsidia, Tome 3, Louvain 1951 (volume 1) and 1987 (volume 2).

  39. 'The history of the church' Eusebius of Caesarea, Tr. Williamson, G. A. Ed. Louth, A. Publ. Penguin Classics 1989. See also the Syriac version edited by Wright & McLean 1898, listed below.

  40. 'A catalogue of the Syriac manuscripts in the library of the University of Cambridge', 2 vols. Wright, William. Digital facsimiles are available on-line.

  41. 'The Chronicle of Edessa' The Journal of Sacred Literature, New Series [=Series 4], vol. 5 (1864) pp. 28-45. The text is available on line with thanks to Roger Pearse.

  42. 'Researches on the circulation of the Peshitta in the fifth century', Vööbus, A. Publ.: Baltic University, Pinneberg 1948

  43. 'The bible in the Armenian tradition' Vrej Nersessian Publ.: British Library 2001 ISBN 0-7123-4698-8

  44. 'A treatise on God written in Armenian by Eznik of Kolb' M. J. Blanchard and R. D. Young Publ.: Peeters 1998 ISBN 90-429-0013-X

  45. Nestorian history website at:

  46. 'Catalogue of the Mingana collection of manuscripts', Mingana, A. 3 volumes, Publ.: 1933, 1936, 1939 by W. Heffer & Sons Ltd, Cambridge.

  47. 'A history of asceticism in the Syrian orient', Vööbus, A. 3 volumes. Publ.: until 1988 by CSCO

  48. 'A catalogue of the Syriac manuscripts in the British Museum' Wright, Wm. 3 volumes. Publ. London 1870, 1871, 1872. Facsimiles are available on-line.

  49. 'The first Christian centuries' P. McKechnie Publ.: Apollos / IVP 2001 ISBN 0-85111-479-2

  50. 'Synodicon orientale ou recueil de synodes Nestoriens' Jean Baptiste Chabot, Publ. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1902

  51. 'The Syriac MSS of St. Thomas Christians', J. P. M. Van Der Ploeg, O.P. Publ.: Bangalore, India 1983

  52. Macomber, William Francis 1998, 'The sources for the study of the Chaldean mass' Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies, Vol XII, No. 1 pp. 57-68.

  53. 'Syriac and Arabic documents regarding legislation relative to Syrian asceticism' Vööbus A., ETSE Stockholm 1960

  54. 'The liturgical homilies of Narsai', Connolly R. H. & Bishop E. CUP 1909. A digital facsimile is available on-line.

  55. 'The Patriarchs of the Church of the East from the Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries' Heleen H.L. MURRE-VAN DEN BERG, Hugoye, Vol. 2, Number 2, 1999.

  56. 'A catalogue of the Syriac manuscripts in the John Rylands Library', J. F. Coakley, Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester, vol. 75, number 2, summer 1993.

  57. Macomber 1966. 'The oldest known text of the anaphora of the apostles Addai and Mari' Orientalia Christiana Periodica 1966 vol. 32, pp. 335-371

  58. 'Symbols of church and kingdom' Robbert Murray 2nd revised edition publ. T&T Clark International 2004. ISBN 0567081575

  59. 'Six explanations of the liturgical feasts by Cyrus of Edessa' Edited and translated by William F. Macomber S.J. Publ.: CSCO vols 355 (text) and 356 (translation), Peeters, Louvain 1974. NB: ( For some reason, Macomber changes the author's name. Hence, 'Cyrus of Edessa' should read 'Qiyoré of Edessa' instead.)

  60. 'Christianity in Iraq', Suha Rassan. Publ. Gracewing 2005. UK ISBN 0 85244 6330

  61. 'The Syriac fathers on prayer and the spiritual life' Sebastian Brock, Publ. 1987 Cistercian Pub. Inc. Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA. ISBN 0 87907 601 1

  62. 'The synodicon in the West Syrian tradition'. Arthur Vööbus, Publ. CSCO vols. 367 (Syriac text) and 368 (English translation), Peeters, Louvain, 1975

  63. 'The historia monastica of Thomas bishop of Marga, AD 840', Budge, E. A. 2 vols. Publ. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner, London 1893. Volume 1 has the Syriac text and a useful historical introduction. Volume 2 has the translation. The Syriac text in volume 1 is arranged in the oriental fashion and so begins on page 623 (Syriac page 1) and ends on page 215, (Syriac page 407). Links: Volume 1: Copy 1, Copy 2. Volume 2: Copy 1, Copy 2.

  64. Draguet, René 1972. 'Commentaire du livre d'Abba Isaïe (logion I-XV) par Dadišo Qatraya (VIIe s.)', René Draguet, 2 vols. publ. CSCO vol 326 (Syriac text) and vol 327 (French translation), Peeters, Louvain 1972.

  65. Chabot, Jean-Baptiste 1894. 'Notice sur les manuscrits Syriaque conservé dans la bibliothèque du patriarchat Grec Orthodoxe de Jérusalem', J.-B. Chabot, Journal Asiatique, January-February 1894, pp. 92-134. Published by the BNF and available on-line: Many other serials from the Journal Asiatique are available on-line.

  66. Scher, Addai 1906. 'Notice sur les manuscrits syriaques conservés dans la bibliothèque du couvent des Chaldéens de Notre-Dame-des-Semences' Archbishop Mgr Addai Scher, Journal Asiatique 1906; Part 1: Janv.-juin (Sér. 10 / T. 7). pp. 479 – 512, part 2: Juil.-déc. (Sér. 10 / T. 8). pp. 55 – 82. Published by the BNF and available on-line as part of the Gallica Project: Part 1:, Part 2: From the Journal Asiatique:

  67. Goshen-Gottstein, Moshe H. 1979. 'Syriac Manuscripts in the Harvard College Library' Moshe H. Goshen-Gottstein, Harvard Semitic Series 23, Publ.: Scholars Press 1979. ISBN 0-89130-189-5

  68. Vööbus, Arthur 1976. 'The synodicon in the West Syrian tradition' part II, edited by Vööbus, A. publ.: 1976 by CSCO, volume 375 (Syriac text).

  69. Beulay, Robert 1978. 'La collection des lettres de Jean de Dalyatha', Robert Beulay, Patrologia Orientalis ; t. 39, fasc. 3 = no 180, Publ.: Turnhout, Belgique : Brepols, 1978.

  70. Scher, Addai 1909. 'Histoire Nestorienne, chronique de Séert' Part II, Mgr Addai Scher, Publ. Patrologia Orientalis ; t. 7, fasc. 1, Paris 1909

  71. Nau, François 1982. 'Histoires d’Ahoudemmeh et de Marouta, métropolitains Jacobites de Tagrit et de l’orient..’ Nau, F. in Patrologia Orientalis, tome III, fascicule 1, No. 11, published Brepols, Belgium 1982. Also published by the BNF and available on-line.

  72. Scher, Addai 1907. 'Notice sur les manuscrits syriaques et arabes conservés à l'archevêché chaldéen de Diarbékir’ Mgr. Addai Scher, Journal Asiatique, Juil.-déc. 1907, (Sér. 10 / T. 10) pp. 331 - 384 & 385 – 432. Also published by the BNF and available on-line.

  73. Griffith, Sidney & Blanchard, Monica 1993. 'Henri Hyvernat (1858-1941) and the beginning of Syriac studies at the Catholic University of America' Aram 5, (1993) pp. 181 – 196.

  74. Scher, Addai 1907. 'Notice sur les manuscrits syriaques conservés dans la bibliothèque du Patriarcat chaldéen de Mossoul', Revue des Bibliothèques 17 (1907), 227-260.

  75. Assemani, Joseph Simon 1719. ‘Bibliotheca Orientalis’ Clementino-Vaticanae, Volumes I, II & III/1 & III/2 Rome. This monumental work is now available on-line courtesy of the Brigham Young University and the Catholic University of America.

  76. Duval, Rubens 1907. 'La Littérature Syriaque', 3rd edition, V. Lecoffre, Paris. This book is available on-line.

  77. Chabot, Jean Baptiste 1896. 'Le livre de la Chasteté composé par Jésusdenah, Évêque de Baçrah', Mélanges de l’école française de Rome, Année 1896, Volume 16, Numéro 1, p. 225 – 292. According to the Syriac titles, this is an abridged version of the original Book of Chastity. A French translation is available on-line. The Syriac text can be found edited on pp. 437 ff. in Bedjan, Paul 1901 ‘Liber superiorum seu Historia Monastica auctore Thoma, Episcopa Margensi’ Dicta de Sèvres, Harrassowitz, Lipsiae (Leipzig) & Paris. A digital facsimile of this book is available on-line.

  78. Scher, Addai 1905. ‘Catalogue des manuscrits syriaques et arabes conservés dans la bibiothèque épiscopale de Séert (Kurdistan) avec notes bibliographiques’, Mossoul, (Moul).

  79. Chabot, Jean Baptiste. ‘Chronique de Michel de Syrien, Patriarche jacobite d'Antioch (1166-1199) / editeé pour la première fois et traduite en français par J.-B. Chabot.’ Ernest Leroux, Paris. Four volumes; 1899 Volume 1, French translation, 1901 Volume 2, French translation, 1905 Volume 3, French translation, 1910 Volume 4, Syriac text.

  80. Nau, François 1915. 'Un colloque du patriarche Jean avec L'Èmir des Agaréens et faits divers des années 712 à 716' Journal Asiatique, January – June 1915, Series 11, Volume 5, pp. 225 – 279.

  81. Barsoum, Ignatius Aphram I 2003. ‘The scattered pearls: a history of Syriac literature and sciences.’ Translated and edited by Matti Moosa; with a foreword by Cyril Aphrem Karim. 2nd revised edition. Gorgias Press, Piscataway NJ. A generous and useful preview of this book is also available on-line.

  82. Wright, William, McLean, Norman, Merx, Adalbert 1898. ‘The ecclesiastical history of Eusebius in Syriac’ Cambridge University Press. Reprinted by Gorgias Press, 2003. See also an English version listed above, [39]. A facsimile edition is also available on-line.

  83. Baumstark, Anton 1922. ‘Geschichte der syrischen Literatur mit Ausschluss der christlich-palästinensischen Texte’ Bonn. A digital facsimile is available on-line.

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